WINE LOVERS byJON WILLIAM

Prodenero “Single Vineyard”

Single Vineyard

Weeks after recording this commentary, Luís Cañas passed away at the age of 91.

Therefore, today we want this article to serve as a tribute to one of the great “gentlemen of wine”; a simple man, a hard worker and a fine person, as many would describe him.

Born in 1928, he established one of the most recognised wineries in the area: Luis Cañas. He was a perfectionist, exceptionally hardworking and whose motivation was always the pride of achieving the best quality in his vineyards.

Consequently, his bulk wines conquered the palates of the great wine merchants who at that time were based in the Bilbao Alhóndiga market.

In 1970 he founded the Luís Cañas Winery in Rioja, a benchmark in quality and good practice.

To learn more about his winery and vineyards, we have two exceptional hosts: Mariannick Garel, Director of Communication, PR and Wine Tourism, and Pedro Pablo Amurrio, one of the winemakers of the winery.

They infected us with their enthusiasm and passion for this world and helped us to better understand the importance of the vineyard in the final result.

The importance of the vineyard

At the Luís Cañas Winery they base their work on the conviction that “only with the best grapes can you make the best wines”; hence their obsession with the vineyard.

In the heart of Rioja Alavesa are the vineyards of Luís Cañas, sheltered by the Cantabrian Mountains. This is undoubtedly one of the finest wine-growing areas in the world. The vineyards, most of them small and old, are characterised by being situated on land with calcareous clay soil of low fertility, and are located mainly on slopes and terraces, with an ideal microclimate and orientation that makes them unique.

As a result of these conditions, yields are low and the clusters and berries are small, but the wine is of excellent quality. Almost 1000 plots are needed to complete the approximately 450 hectares of state-owned and winery-controlled vineyards.

Respect for the environment and the efforts of everyone involved in the process is key to transforming the benefits of rational viticulture into success. Rational viticulture is an agricultural system that optimises natural resources and mechanisms to the maximum, thus ensuring the future of viable agriculture. The biological, chemical and technical methods and techniques are carefully selected and balanced, taking environmental protection into account. The use of herbicides, synthetic fertilisers and aggressive products or practices is strictly prohibited in order to preserve the surrounding area and for the vines to have a strong immune system so that they can defend themselves naturally.

To carry out all this work, the Luís Cañas Winery has a dedicated field department formed of three agricultural technical engineers and winemakers and eight workers who are true artisans of the vineyard.

The aim is to have a healthy soil that results in healthier fruit and excellent wines.

single vineyard

Prodenero “single vineyard” and the new D.O.C. Rioja classification

Pedro Pablo Amurrio, winemaker at the Luís Cañas Winery, accompanies us on our visit to the most impressive vineyards I’ve ever seen: the Prodenero single vineyard.

We recommend taking a look at the video accompanying this article so that you can really appreciate all the nuances of this vineyard. The video also explains the new wine classification brought in by the Regulatory Board of D.O.Ca.Rioja.

But before we talk about the new classification I’d like to give you a brief summary of what we learned in this unique vineyard.

The vineyard is made up of small plots distributed over a very irregular terrain: slopes, plains, rocky areas and different orientations.

The producer planted different grape varieties according to the characteristics of each area, which is why we can see Viura in the more shaded areas and Tempranillo in the sunnier spots. We can even see Garnacha and Mazuelo alongside each other in rocky areas.

Thus, the first producers obtained a wine that inherited the character of the vineyard. They mixed grape varieties and used the white grape to lighten the stronger and more tannic wines.

Many of the vines here are up to 80 years old, which means a loweryield but a superior quality wine. To give you an idea, only 600 litres of wine are obtained from this vineyard… but just imagine the quality!

Next year, the first special wine harvested from this land will be released and will be able to carry the words ‘Single Vineyard’ on its label.

Right, let’s talk now about this new Rioja wine classification.

Remember we spoke about generic wines, crianza, reserva and gran reserva in the previous article? Well, now we have three new divisions: single vineyard, municipality wines and zone wines.

vineyards

Single Vineyard

This is the highest-quality category of Rioja, with vineyards of at least 35 years old and a maximum yield of 5,000 kg per hectare for red grapes and 6,922 for white (77% of the normal 100% yield) and 65% grape-to-wine yield (normally 70%). Ownership of the vineyard or a stable lease contract for at least 10 years, hand-harvesting and separate vinification and ageing processes are required.

The bottles will have specific numbering and sealing and the wines will be subject to a double qualification, initial and before entering the market, with an 'excellent' rating in tastings.

At least three years’ traceability is required, which means that the first wines will not be available until the 2019 harvest at the earliest.

Municipality/Village wine

The 142 municipalities in Rioja are likely to bear the indication as it has been operational since the 2017 harvest.

At least 85% of the grapes must come from the village referred to or from neighbouring municipalities. There is no limitation on yield (the same as for the DOCa as a whole). The winery must be located in the village.

Zone wine

The sub-zones are now referred to as zones. These are the well-known Rioja Alta, Rioja Oriental (formerly Rioja Baja) and Rioja Alavesa areas. At least 85% of the grapes must come from the region referred to and the rest from neighbouring municipalities. There is no limitation on yield and the winery must be located in the area.

What requirements does a single vineyard have to meet?

Singlevineyards are made up of various cadastral plots with their own uniform agro-geological and climatic characteristics that set them apart from other plots in the surrounding area, resulting inwines with unique features and qualities.

The vineyard must be at least 35 years old.

The maximum permitted yield per hectare is 5,000 kg/ha for red grapes and 6,922 kg/ha for white varieties, while the grape-to-wine yield must not exceed 65%.

Cultivation practices must be oriented towards sustainability and respect for the environment. It must be a well-balanced vineyard with limited vigour, with only one pruning, unless expressly authorised by the Regulatory Board. During the grape ripening period, canopy growth should cease completely.

Harvesting, the start of which must be communicated to the Board, must be done by hand. The techniques used in the transportation and handling of the grapes, the pressing, the control of fermentation, the winemaking practices during the vinification and ageing processes, if applicable, should result in wines of the highest quality.

The wine will be made exclusively with grapes from the plot/s that make up the “Single Vineyard”.

The wine must be made and bottled by individuals or legal entities with winemaking and bottling facilities registered under their name in the Rioja' Qualified Designation of Origin, who can prove, by means of a valid legal title, that they have exclusive rights to the production from the “Single Vineyard” for a minimum period of 10 consecutive years.

Vinification, ageing, bottling and storage within the same winery

They must fulfil the different requirements established by both documentary control and physical control (prior communication by the winery to the Regulatory Board, separate qualification and subsequent verification, traceability, specific capacity, control of all wine movements, etc.).

The wines produced will be subject to a double qualitative assessment, the initial qualification and another evaluation before sale, which, in the latter case, must be rated ‘excellent’ in the organoleptic analysis carried out according to the Instructions for Technical Verification of a ‘Single Winery’.

As regards labelling, the words “Single Winery” will appear below the name registered as a trademark. The text can be the same size (but no larger) with the same thickness and colour as the text used for the name of the Rioja Designation.

The term “Single Winery” is mandatory on all labels carried by the bottle, or in all visual fields if it is a continuous label. It will appear directly underneath the name of the “Single Winery” registered as a trademark, with text that can be the same size (but no larger), with the same thickness and colour as the text used for the name of the Rioja Designation.

The owner of the trademark must submit a statement of intention regarding the exclusive use of the trademark for wines with Qualified Designation of Origin.

Custom bottling will not be permitted in the case of wines from single vineyards.

The bottles will carry specific back labels or seals that will include the words “Single Winery”.

types of grapes

The colour and types of vineyards

In the previous article, we spoke about the different grape varieties in Rioja.

What I’d like to point out now is that in a single vineyard we can find a mix of these varieties and that this gives the wine a very special character.

There are two types of vineyard plantation: goblet and trellised.

Single vineyards are always goblet-style, since the vines are much older and the grapes need to be harvested by hand. The trellising technique is more recent and is used mainly to increase production and mechanise the harvesting process.

Call me a romantic, but I have a particular weakness for goblet vines.

And speaking of romantic, have you ever seen anything as spectacular as a vineyard landscape in autumn?

Take a look at the videos to discover the secret as to why we can see green, yellow, orange and red tones in the same landscape. And in a single vineyard, all mixed together.

Before the onset of autumn, chlorophyll production starts to decrease. This makes the green of the leaves begin to fade, to give way to other colours hidden in the leaf. This is why the orange and yellow hues start to emerge.

The arrangement of these tones depends, to a large extent, on the type of vine; i.e. the colour of the leaves may vary depending on the grape variety.

Do you know that the leaves of the red grape vines will change from green tones to a range of reds and garnets, while the leaves of white grape varieties will become yellow or pale orange?

Now it will be easier for you to identify the different grape varieties.

Another reason for these orange and red tones is the sugar trapped in the leaves. As the plant detects the drop in sunlight and temperature, the veins in the leaves begin to contract. Thus, thanks to the heat of the day and the cold of the night, the sugars in the leaves start to react, resulting in those colours so typical of the leaves of the vine in autumn.

So visit Rioja, or any other wine-growing region, in autumn and admire the fabulous range of colours… and, of course, the wines.

And now, enjoy the art of Good living!!!

May interest you

Privacy Policy

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How do we process your data (appearance of the website, connections, cookies, tracking, etc.)?/p>

1. Appearance of the web page, navigation data

To display the web page on your browser, we use multiple devices to ensure that all content (text, images, video, etc.) is always up to date. To ensure that your user experience, in particular the loading speed of the web, is constantly improving, we also use technical service providers that allow us to display the content that is required for the appearance of the web (hereinafter, "Content Distribution Network" or "CDN"). These technical service providers of CDN work in accordance with the instructions of BOJ, having signed with the latter the corresponding Data Controller agreement. The data collected for this purpose may only be used to display the contents of the web page in your browser more quickly and will be deleted immediately after you have accessed the page.

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Your personal data will be deleted when no longer needed for the promotion / draw or for the follow-up thereof.

14. Our pages on Social Networks

The protection of your privacy in the processing of personal data is important to us. We process the personal data transmitted to us and that which is collected during your visit to our respective pages on social networks (for example, Facebook Fanpage, Instagram / Pinterest Page), confidentially and only in accordance with legal provisions.

The Controller for the processing of your data through our pages on social networks is the operator of the corresponding social network (see examples below), together with us. To the extent that the processing of this data takes place within our scope of responsibility, we are at your disposal in all matters relating to data protection and the exercise of your rights in accordance with the content of this information on data protection.

Data processed by the Social Networks provider

The social media service processes your personal data when you access any of our pages. The processing of your data occurs, for example, in the following cases:

In the data protection policy of the provider of the social network, you can find out what personal data they collect, how it is processed and what data protection rights you have against said provider. We are not responsible for the processing of data by the social network provider.

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On the website provided by us via the social network, the provider of said network grants us access to the following categories of data:

Statistical analyses which provide information on the use of our web page on the social network. The analyses which are visible to us do not allow us to individually analyse the usage behaviour of individuals. We can only see aggregated data (such as the number of visits, likes, followers, region of origin, age group, gender, etc.) that informs us about our audience and the use of our site. The user data underlying the analyses is not transmitted.

We can segment the target group we want to reach for the social network page or for individual publications. The configuration is based on general parameters (for example, age group, language, region, interest) that can be used to adapt our content to specific groups. It is not possible for us to address or identify individuals based on the data provided by the social network provider.

If you contact us directly through the social network provider or interact with us in any other way, transmitting personal data consciously (for example, via a chat or a direct message with us using the social network), we store and process this personal data for the purposes for which such information was transmitted to us.

We process this data exclusively in order to publicise the content of our social network page to the target group, as well as to better understand and optimise the use thereof.

In addition, we cannot decide on the purpose or the processing of data performed by the social network provider.

To find out what personal data is collected by the social network provider, how they are processed and what data protection rights you have against that provider, see the following data protection guidelines:

a) Facebook Inc. 1601 S California Ave, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA; http://www.facebook.com/policy.php. Facebook is subject to the EU-US Privacy Shield.

b) Twitter, Inc. 1355 Market St, Suite 900, San Francisco, California 94103, USA; https://twitter.com/privacy. Twitter is subject to the EU-US Privacy Shield.

c) Instagram, provided by Facebook Ireland Limited, 4 Grand Canal Square, Dublin 2, Ireland; https://help.instagram.com/519522125107875

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g) Xing SE, Dammtorstrasse 30, 20354 Hamburg, Germany; https://privacy.xing.com/en/privacy-policy

16. Below, we explain in detail what technologies and providers we use to analyse your user behaviour:

Google Ad Server

We use the online marketing tool Google Ad Server (formerly DoubleClick) of Google LLC,1600 Amphitheater Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA ("Google").

Usage data will be deleted after 540 days from the time of collection. For more information on DoubleClick, visit: https://www.google.com/doubleclick o la política de privacidad de Google en general: https://policies.google.com/privacy

We use the online marketing tools of Google at our own risk. To this end, we have agreed with Google on a data protection agreement that our customers' data may only be processed based on our instructions, that it may not be transmitted to third parties and shall be sufficiently protected technically.

Non-acceptance / cancellation: To permanently prevent the collection of data on usage, Google has a plug-in for several web browsers: http://www.google.com/settings/ads/plugin

To disable only interest-based ads, you can block the use of third-party cookies or cookies from the domain "www.googleadservices.com" or disable interest-based ads using this link at: https://www.google.com/settings/ads

Facebook pixels and custom audiences

We use the online marketing tools "Facebook Pixels and Custom Audiences" from Facebook Inc. 1 Hacker Way, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. and Facebook Ireland Ltd. 4 Grand Canal Square, Grand Canal Harbor, Dublin 2, Ireland, if you are a resident of the EU ("Facebook").

Facebook processes your data at its own risk as part of Facebook's data usage policy. You can find information about Facebook ads and Facebook pixels at the following links: https://www.facebook.com/policy and https://www.facebook.com/business/help/651294705016616

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Google Ads and Remarketing

This website uses the online marketing tools “Google Ads & Remarketing” of Google LLC,1600 Amphitheater Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA ("Google"). Google is subject to the EU-US Privacy Shield https://www.privacyshield.gov/EU-US-Framework

We use the online marketing tools of Google at our own risk.

The cookies used in this service generally lose their validity after 30 days and are not meant to identify you personally. Google only provides us with statistical evaluations and processes your information in accordance with Google's data usage policy. You can find more information at the following link: https://policies.google.com/privacy

Non-acceptance / cancellation: To permanently prevent the collection of data on usage, Google has a plug-in for several web browsers: http://www.google.com/settings/ads/plugin. To disable interest-based ads, you can block the use of third-party cookies or cookies from the domain "www.googleadservices.com" or disable interest-based ads through this link at: https://www.google.com/settings/ads

Interest advertisements can also be disabled via the link: http://www.aboutads.info/choices if the provider has joined the self-regulation campaign: "About Ads".

18. Social networks and similar networks and services.

The content of our website can be shared on social networks using the Share button. All the buttons that allow content sharing are integrated by using simple links instead of social plugins developed by social network providers. This ensures that your data is not automatically transmitted to social network servers when you access our website. In addition, when you share content on our website, we only transmit to the social network the information necessary to share the corresponding content (for example, the link to the content you want to share). In this context, we do not transfer personal data.

In turn, you can find simple links to our web pages on social networks. If you access a link on our website from a social network, or if you enter your social network to share content on our website, your data will be processed by the social network provider in question.

If you are registered and logged into other networks or services that require registration while using our website or some individual functions (for example, Vimeo, YouTube), the respective network / service may collect information about its use or adopt configurations, such as Video playback status. However, this data is solely collected by the respective network / service under its own responsibility for data protection and processed by the corresponding provider.

For more information about the purpose and scope of such data collection, its subsequent processing and use on the part of the social network provider, as well as related rights and adjustment options to protect your privacy, please refer to the Data Protection Information published on the website of the respective provider.

22. Modifications to the Data Protection Policy

This Data Protection Policy has been drafted in view of the current data processing on our web site. In the event of changes in data processing, this data protection information will be updated accordingly. On our website, we always provide you with the latest version of this data protection information so that you can find out about the scope of data processing on our website.

3: User Rights

Additional information in accordance with REGULATION (EU) 2016/679 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL of 27 April 2016 concerning the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data, the free movement of such data and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Registry - GDPR)

Your rights

Below, there is a description of your rights:

To unsubscribe from receiving promotional communications: If you wish to revoke your consent to receive commercial communications by electronic means, you can use the unsubscribe link at the end of the corresponding email. Or, you can send an email to Data-Protection-EN@BOJg.com with the subject line: "Unsubscribe from receiving commercial communications by electronic means", in the body of which you indicate your name, surname and email address.

Exercising your data protection rights: Please use the following channels: info@bojglobal.com

Right of access to information on your data: Upon your request, we will provide you with information about the data we have about you.

Right of rectification of your data: when you notify us, we will correct any inaccurate personal data concerning you. If you request it, we will fill in the personal data that is incomplete, if it is necessary for the intended purpose for the processing of your data.

Right of deletion of your data: upon your request, we will delete the data we have on you. However, some data will only be deleted after a certain period of conservation, for example, when it must be kept for the fulfilment of a legal obligation, or because we need the data in order to comply with contractual obligations before you.

Right to block your data: In those cases where legislation allows the limitation in the processing of your data, it will be blocked.

Right to withdraw your consent: At any time, you can withdraw the consent given for the processing of your data, with such withdrawal taking effect from that moment. This will not affect the legality of the processing carried out until then.

Right of opposition to the processing of your data: You will have the right to object at any time to having your personal data subject to such processing based on the provisions of article 6, paragraph 1, letters e) and f) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679. In case you object, we will stop processing personal data, provided there are no compelling legitimate reasons to continue with such processing. For us, the processing of your data for direct marketing purposes will never constitute a compelling legitimate reason.

Right to portability: If you request it, we will provide you with the personal data that concerns you in a structured, commonly used and machine readable format.

Right to complain to a supervisory authority: You can file a data protection claim with the competent control authority. To do this, contact the authority responsible for data protection in your place of residence or the data protection authority of our jurisdiction (cited below).

Spanish Agency for Data Protection (AEPD); www.agpd.es

Transmission to recipients outside the EEA

We also transmit personal data to recipients located outside the European Economic Area (EEA), in the so-called third countries. In this case, we make sure - before sharing any data - that the recipient maintains an adequate level of data protection (for example, on the basis of an adequacy decision taken by the EU Commission for the respective country or through the signing of an agreement with EU standard contractual clauses between the European Union and the recipient) or that you have given your consent for such disclosure.

At your request, we will provide you with a list of recipients in third countries and a copy of the specific provisions agreed upon to ensure an adequate level of data protection. To make a request, please use the contact information provided in the section entitled: "Contact information for any matter related to data protection" of this Data Protection Policy.

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